Hazard and Risk Consulting for Critical Facilities

Photo Galleries

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Laos is also called Lao or (officially) the Lao People's Democratic Republic. It is one of the most closed countries in the world and it has been ruled by a Marxist and communist government since 1975. Its population in 2014 was estimated to be around 6.8 million.

Laos traces its history to the kingdom of
Lan Xang, which existed from the 14th to the 18th century when it split into three kingdoms. In 1893, it became a French protectorate, with the three kingdoms — Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak — uniting to form what is now known as Laos.

It briefly gained independence in 1945 after
Japanese occupation, but returned to French rule until it was granted autonomy in 1949. Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. Shortly after independence, a long civil war ended the monarchy, when theCommunist Pathet Lao movement came to power in 1975.
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Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia with some of the most unique geology in the world. It also has a nuclear plant, which is why I was there.

Located in
Western Asia, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. The
Satrapy of Armenia was established in the 6th century BC, after the fall of Urartu. In the first century BC the Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great.

Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion, in between late 3rd to early years of the 4th century (the official date is 301 AD).
As a result, previously predominant Zoroastrianism and paganism in Armenia gradually declined. An Armenian principality and later a kingdom, known as Cilician Armenia, existed on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries.

Between the 16th and first half of the 19th century, the traditional Armenian homeland came under rule of the rivaling
Ottoman and successive Iranian Empires, passing between the two over the centuries. By the mid 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by Russia from Qajar Iran, while most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland still remained under Ottoman rule.

During World War I, the Armenians living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated in the
Armenian Genocide. In 1918, during the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries were granted independence from the dissolved empire, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia.

By 1920, the state was incorporated into the
Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, a founding member of the Soviet Union in 1922. In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, leaving its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, as full Union republics.

The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the
dissolution of the Soviet Union.
I tried to limit the photos in these galleries to those I thought people would actually like to see or that have a specific narrative purpose. I have many more shots that are selfies, "tourist" photos, shots to record the journey as it progressed, etc. These are in actual real-world flip-through photo albums. You have to swing by my house to see the rest of the photos...or at least those worth paying the 35 cents to print. I also have a lot of travel photos from before the digital age. If you come, bring wine (red) and a pizza (vegetarian).

See the associated video portfolios
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